Get Out and Stay Alive: Fire Prevention Info for College Students

Fire Safety: A Major Concern for College-Bound Students

The South Carolina State Fire Marshal’s Office, along with the National Association of

State Fire Marshals and the Center for Campus Fire Safety recognize the importance of
fire safety for students living both on- and off-campus. Additionally, South Carolina
Governor Mark Sanford proclaimed September 2010, as Campus Fire Safety Month and
also addresses the importance of educating our students about fire safety to help ensure
their security during their college years and beyond. During 2009, South Carolina fire
departments responded to over 800 emergency calls to colleges, and nationally, 102
people have lost their lives in campus-related fires since January, 2000. Leading causes
of fires in both on- and off-campus residences are associated with the usage of candles,
careless cooking and careless smoking. Paying attention to a few simple precautions
could mean the difference between life and death.

Candles: Although many higher education facilities have already banned the use of
candles in on-campus housing, many college students are living off-campus. Students
reside in one- and two-family dwellings and apartment buildings, which places them in a
high-risk category.

Whether living on- or off-campus, students should be aware of these safety tips:
• Extinguish all candles when leaving the room or going to sleep. Candle fires
often occur when left unattended or while people are asleep.

• Keep candles away from things that can catch fire, such as clothing, books,
paper, curtains, Christmas trees or decorations, and don’t place lit candles in
windows, where they may ignite blinds or curtains. Candles don’t spread the
fire, it is what they ignite that spreads the fire.

• Place candles on stable furniture in sturdy holders that won’t tip over and that
are big enough to collect dripping wax. Place candles only in areas where
they won’t be knocked over by children or pets. If a candle gets knocked
over, it can ignite other combustibles such as furniture, papers, blankets, etc.

• Avoid candles with combustible materials embedded in them, or with holders
or decorations that could ignite. A candle with materials embedded in them
may look pretty, but could possibly ignite and spread the fire beyond the
candle.

• Use globes to cover the flame. Better yet, consider battery-powered flameless
candles.

Cooking Safety: According to the United States Fire Administration, cooking
fires are the number one cause of fire injury on college campuses.

• Follow the dormitory rules regarding possession and use of cooking
appliances.

• Use cooking appliances correctly. Never overload electrical outlets or
extension cords.

• Pay attention when cooking. Don’t get sidetracked or leave cooking
unattended. • Move items such as potholders or dishtowels away from cooking
surfaces.

• Applying a lid to a small grease fire is usually the most effective and
safest method of controlling it. Trying to carry a pan that’s on fire is
extremely dangerous because it can ignite clothes or spill, causing
severe burns.

Smoking Combined with Alcohol and/or Other Drugs Could Prove Deadly: “Most
people are aware that smoking is bad for the health of the smoker and for the health of
people around the smoker, but one of the dangers that people often forget is the
relationship between smoking and the potential for fire, especially when combined with
alcohol or other drugs,” says John Reich, South Carolina State Fire Marshal. Studies
have shown that more than half of all alcohol-impaired fire deaths were the result of fires
caused by careless smoking. If you must smoke, only smoke outside of the building and
encourage others to do the same.

Reduce the chances of smoking-related fires by:
• Providing a deep-dish ashtray with a solid base, never allowing it to rest on
the arm of upholstered furniture

• Dousing cigarettes or ashtray contents with water before disposing of them in
the trash

• Being especially careful if alcohol or other drugs are also being used while
smoking

• Never allowing family members or guests to smoke in bed

Having working smoke alarms and an emergency escape plan should be a priority for
everyone. “For maximum protection, consider residing in fire sprinklered occupancies.
These systems quickly control the fire causing little or no damage, preventing the loss of
life and property,” Mr. Reich added.